Rudno –Tęczyn Castle

Rudno –Tęczyn Castle

The huge ruins of the Tęczyn Castle in Rudno are located on a volcano. There’s no need to panic, though, as the volcano is not active.

The construction of the fortress was initiated in the middle of the 14th century by Andrzej Tęczyński. The surrounding walls with towers created an oval plan, while the entrance led through a tremendous, square-shaped gate tower. This tower, topped by a hip roof, is the best preserved part of the castle. Around 1570, the medieval fortress was transformed into a Renaissance residence with arcaded cloisters in the courtyard and walls featuring decorative attics. At the beginning of the 17th century, the castle’s fortifications were extended, creating a powerful fortress with an impressive barbican that survives until today. The result was one of the biggest castles in Małopolska, and the biggest one in the Kraków-Częstochowa Upland. After the Tęczyński family, the castle was owned by the Opaliński family, and then by the Lubomirski family, who reconstructed Tęczyn after the damage done during the Swedish invasion. After the fire of 1768, the abandoned castle fell into ruin. Today its walls are in danger of collapsing and are hence not open to visitors. They can only be admired from the outside.

Ruins of the Tęczyn Castle can be visited freely, but caution is advised due to the state of the building. More information: www.ratujtenczyn.org.pl.

Other local attractions

Krzeszowice Forests stretching at the foot of the Tęczyn castle hill are a perfect place for a walk, a hike or a bicycle trip.

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